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Occupation goes back more than 30,000 years and obsidian was brought there 20,000 years ago.

There was new fauna brought by humans in the Late Pleistocene and mid-Holocene. The first occupation phase had two levels with rectangular mud-brick houses.

The area was an important center in the Neolithic and Chalcolithic, with sites like Catal Huyuk and .

Timber-framed huts consisted of shallow mud-walled pits that were likely roofed with branches.

Burials without skulls were found and there was also a separate ritual area away from the village.