Occupation goes back more than 30,000 years and obsidian was brought there 20,000 years ago.
There was new fauna brought by humans in the Late Pleistocene and mid-Holocene. The first occupation phase had two levels with rectangular mud-brick houses.
The area was an important center in the Neolithic and Chalcolithic, with sites like Catal Huyuk and .
Timber-framed huts consisted of shallow mud-walled pits that were likely roofed with branches.
Burials without skulls were found and there was also a separate ritual area away from the village.