Recent MMWR reports (3–11) have indicated that bacteria account for 37 species reported as etiologic agents in LAIs; however, other microbes are often implicated.
In a 1986 survey of approximately 4000 workers in 54 public health and 165 hospital laboratories in the United States, 3.5/1000 employee infections occurred in hospital laboratories, and 1.4/1000 employee infections occurred in public health laboratories (15). laboratorians, Neisseria meningitidis accounted for a substantial number of LAIs.
In a 1994–1995 survey of 25,000 laboratory workers from 397 clinical laboratories in the United Kingdom, the overall rate of LAI was 18/100,000 employees (16). The attack rate of this organism in the general population was 13/100,000 persons.
All functions of the human and animal diagnostic laboratory — microbiology, chemistry, hematology, and pathology with autopsy and necropsy guidance — are addressed.
A specific section for veterinary diagnostic laboratories addresses the veterinary issues not shared by other human laboratory departments.
Members of the panel were either selected by the invited national laboratory organization they represented or were invited by CDC because of their roles in biosafety at the national level.